Summary: Pheromone A receptor
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Pheromone A receptor Provide feedback
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR001499
G-protein-coupled receptors, GPCRs, constitute a vast protein family that encompasses a wide range of functions (including various autocrine, paracrine and endocrine processes). They show considerable diversity at the sequence level, on the basis of which they can be separated into distinct groups. We use the term clan to describe the GPCRs, as they embrace a group of families for which there are indications of evolutionary relationship, but between which there is no statistically significant similarity in sequence [PUBMED:8170923]. The currently known clan members include the rhodopsin-like GPCRs, the secretin-like GPCRs, the cAMP receptors, the fungal mating pheromone receptors, and the metabotropic glutamate receptor family. There is a specialised database for GPCRs (http://www.gpcr.org/7tm/).
Little is known about the structure and function of the mating factor receptors, STE2 and STE3. It is believed, however, that they are integral membrane proteins that may be involved in the response to mating factors on the cell membrane [PUBMED:16453635, PUBMED:3001640, PUBMED:2836861]. The amino acid sequences of both receptors contain high proportions of hydrophobic residues grouped into 7 domains, in a manner reminiscent of the rhodopsins and other receptors believed to interact with G-proteins. However, while a similar 3D framework has been proposed to account for this, there is no significant sequence similarity either between STE2 and STE3, or between these and the rhodopsin-type family: the receptors thus bear their own unique '7TM' signatures.
The STE3 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Baker's yeast) is the cell-surface receptor that binds the 13-residue lipopeptide a-factor. Several related fungal pheromone receptor sequences are known: these include pheromone B alpha 1 and B alpha 3, and pheromone B beta 1 receptors from Schizophyllum commune; pheromone receptor 1 from Ustilago hordei; and pheromone receptors 1 and 2 from Ustilago maydis. Members of the family share about 20% sequence identity.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||integral to membrane (GO:0016021)|
|Molecular function||mating-type factor pheromone receptor activity (GO:0004932)|
|Biological process||G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway (GO:0007186)|
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Mian N, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||50|
|Number in full:||604|
|Average length of the domain:||238.10 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||28 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||69.11 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||10|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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