Summary: Iron/manganese superoxide dismutases, C-terminal domain
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This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Superoxide dismutase". More...
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Superoxide dismutase Edit Wikipedia article
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Iron/manganese superoxide dismutases, C-terminal domain Provide feedback
superoxide dismutases (SODs) catalyse the conversion of superoxide radicals to hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen. Three evolutionarily distinct families of SODs are known, of which the Mn/Fe-binding family is one. In humans, there is a cytoplasmic Cu/Zn SOD, and a mitochondrial Mn/Fe SOD. C-terminal domain is a mixed alpha/beta fold.
Knapp S, Kardinahl S, Hellgren N, Tibbelin G, Schafer G, Ladenstein R; , J Mol Biol 1999;285:689-702.: Refined crystal structure of a superoxide dismutase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius at 2.2 A resolution. PUBMED:9878438 EPMC:9878438
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR019832
Superoxide dismutases (SODs) ( EC ) catalyse the conversion of superoxide radicals to molecular oxygen. Their function is to destroy the radicals that are normally produced within cells and are toxic to biological systems. Three evolutionarily distinct families of SODs are known, of which the Mn/Fe-binding family is one [ PUBMED:3315461 , PUBMED:3345848 , PUBMED:1556751 ]. This family includes both single metal-binding SODs and cambialistic SOD, which can bind either Mn or Fe. Fe/MnSODs are ubiquitous enzymes that are responsible for the majority of SOD activity in prokaryotes, fungi, blue-green algae and mitochondria. Fe/MnSODs are found as homodimers or homotetramers.
The structure of Fe/MnSODs can be divided into two domains, an alpha N-terminal domain and an alpha/beta C-terminal domain, connected by a loop. The structure of the N-terminal domain consists of a two helices in an antiparallel hairpin, with a left-handed twist [ PUBMED:9537987 ]. The structure of the C-terminal domain is of the alpha/beta type, and consists of a three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet in the order 213, along with four helices in the arrangement alpha/beta(2)/alpha/beta/alpha(2) [ PUBMED:9931259 ].
This entry represents the C-terminal domain of Manganese/iron superoxide dismutase.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||superoxide dismutase activity (GO:0004784)|
|metal ion binding (GO:0046872)|
|Biological process||superoxide metabolic process (GO:0006801)|
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
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We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets and the UniProtKB sequence database. More...
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.
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|Seed source:||Overington and HMM_iterative_training|
|Author:||Eddy SR , Griffiths-Jones SR|
|Number in seed:||829|
|Number in full:||13350|
|Average length of the domain:||100.20 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||39 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||45.67 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||21|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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How the sunburst is generated
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Some species in the taxonomic tree may not have one or more of the main eight levels that we display. For example, Bos taurus is not assigned an order in the NCBI taxonomic tree. In such cases we mark the omitted level with, for example, "No order", in both the tooltip and the lineage summary.
Unmapped species names
The tree is built by looking at each sequence in the full alignment for the family. We take the name of the species given by UniProt and try to map that to the full taxonomic tree from NCBI. In some cases, the name chosen by UniProt does not map to any node in the NCBI tree, perhaps because the chosen name is listed as a synonym or a misspelling in the NCBI taxonomy.
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Since we reduce the species tree to only the eight main taxonomic levels, sequences that are mapped to the sub-species level in the tree would not normally be shown. Rather than leave out these species, we map them instead to their parent species. So, for example, for sequences belonging to one of the Vibrio cholerae sub-species in the NCBI taxonomy, we show them instead as belonging to the species Vibrio cholerae.
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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
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For all of the domain matches in a full alignment, we count the number that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
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We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation. Those species which are represented in the seed alignment for this domain are highlighted.
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Sod_Fe_C domain has been found. There are 551 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.