Summary: Transcription factor TFIIB repeat
The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.
Transcription factor TFIIB repeat Provide feedback
No Pfam abstract.
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||RB_B Cyclin_C Cyclin_C_2|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR013150
In eukaryotes, transcription initiation of all protein encoding genes involves the polymerase II system. This sytem is modulated by both general and specific transcription factors. The general factors (which include TFIIA, TFIIB, TFIID, TFIIE, TFIIF, TFIIG and TFIIH) operate through common promoter elements, such as the TATA box. Transcription factor IIB (TFIIB) is of central importance in transcription of class II genes. It associates with TFIID-TFIIA bound to DNA (the DA complex) to form a ternary TFIID-IIA-IBB (DAB) complex, which is recognised by RNA polymerase II [PUBMED:1876184, PUBMED:1949150]. TFIIB comprises ~315-340 residues and contains an imperfect C-terminal repeat of a 75-residue domain that may contribute to the symmetry of the folded protein. The basal archaeal transcription machinery resembles that of the eukaryotic polymerase II system and includes a homologue of TFIIB [PUBMED:7597027].
This entry represents a cyclin-like domain which is found repeated in the C-terminal region of a variety of eukaryotic TFIIB's and their archaeal counterparts. These domains individually form the typical cyclin fold, and in the transcription complex they straddle the C-terminal region of the TATA-binding protein - an interaction essential for the formation of the transcription initiation complex [PUBMED:9177165, PUBMED:10619841].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||TBP-class protein binding (GO:0017025)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
This Clan contains cyclins, Transcription factor IIB (TFIIB), and the Retinoblastoma tumour suppressor proteins. These were predicted to be related by sequence .
The clan contains the following 10 members:CDK5_activator Cyclin Cyclin_C Cyclin_C_2 Cyclin_N Herp-Cyclin K-cyclin_vir_C RB_A RB_B TFIIB
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the UniProtKB sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||11|
|Number in full:||2752|
|Average length of the domain:||70.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||26 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||31.02 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 11927849 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||16|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
There are 7 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the TFIIB domain has been found. There are 27 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
Loading structure mapping...