Summary: Tissue factor
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Tissue factor Provide feedback
This family is found in metazoa, and is very similar to the fibronectin type III domain. The family is found in cytokine receptors, interleukin and interferon receptors and coagulation factor III proteins. It occurs multiple times, as does fn3, family PF00041.
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||EpoR_lig-bind IL6Ra-bind Interfer-bind DUF2369 SusE DUF4998 Pur_ac_phosph_N fn3_4 fn3_2|
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||fn3|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR003961
Fibronectins are multi-domain glycoproteins found in a soluble form in plasma, and in an insoluble form in loose connective tissue and basement membranes [PUBMED:3780752]. They contain multiple copies of 3 repeat regions (types I, II and III), which bind to a variety of substances including heparin, collagen, DNA, actin, fibrin and fibronectin receptors on cell surfaces. The wide variety of these substances means that fibronectins are involved in a number of important functions: e.g., wound healing; cell adhesion; blood coagulation; cell differentiation and migration; maintenance of the cellular cytoskeleton; and tumour metastasis [PUBMED:3031656]. The role of fibronectin in cell differentiation is demonstrated by the marked reduction in the expression of its gene when neoplastic transformation occurs. Cell attachment has been found to be mediated by the binding of the tetrapeptide RGDS to integrins on the cell surface [PUBMED:2466295], although related sequences can also display cell adhesion activity.
Plasma fibronectin occurs as a dimer of 2 different subunits, linked together by 2 disulphide bonds near the C terminus. The difference in the 2 chains occurs in the type III repeat region and is caused by alternative splicing of the mRNA from one gene [PUBMED:3780752]. The observation that, in a given protein, an individual repeat of one of the 3 types (e.g., the first FnIII repeat) shows much less similarity to its subsequent tandem repeats within that protein than to its equivalent repeat between fibronectins from other species, has suggested that the repeating structure of fibronectin arose at an early stage of evolution. It also seems to suggest that the structure is subject to high selective pressure [PUBMED:6317187].
The fibronectin type III repeat region is an approximately 100 amino acid domain, different tandem repeats of which contain binding sites for DNA, heparin and the cell surface [PUBMED:3780752]. The superfamily of sequences believed to contain FnIII repeats represents 45 different families, the majority of which are involved in cell surface binding in some manner, or are receptor protein tyrosine kinases, or cytokine receptors.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||protein binding (GO:0005515)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
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- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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This clan includes a diverse range of domains that have an Ig-like fold and appear to be distantly related to each other. The clan includes: PKD domains, cadherins and several families of bacterial Ig-like domains as well as viral tail fibre proteins. it also includes several Fibronectin type III domain-containing families.
The clan contains the following 76 members:A2M_N Alpha_adaptinC2 Arch_flagellin Big_1 Big_2 Big_3 Big_3_2 Big_3_3 Big_3_4 Big_3_5 Big_4 Big_5 BiPBP_C BsuPI Cadherin Cadherin-like Cadherin_2 Cadherin_3 Cadherin_pro CARDB CBM39 CHB_HEX_C CHB_HEX_C_1 ChitinaseA_N CHU_C Coatamer_beta_C COP-gamma_platf CopC DUF11 DUF2271 DUF3244 DUF4165 DUF4625 DUF5011 DUF916 EpoR_lig-bind Filamin FixG_C FlgD_ig fn3 Fn3-like fn3_2 fn3_4 fn3_5 Fn3_assoc He_PIG HYR IFNGR1 IL17R_fnIII_D2 IL6Ra-bind Integrin_alpha2 Interfer-bind Invasin_D3 LEA_2 MG1 Mo-co_dimer Neurexophilin NPCBM_assoc PhoD_N PKD PKD_2 PKD_3 Pur_ac_phosph_N Qn_am_d_aIII REJ RHD_dimer Rib SoxZ SprB SWM_repeat T2SS-T3SS_pil_N TIG Tissue_fac Transglut_C TRAP_beta Y_Y_Y
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Finn RD, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||34|
|Number in full:||1040|
|Average length of the domain:||102.50 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||24 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||26.52 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||13|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There are 15 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Tissue_fac domain has been found. There are 83 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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