Tropomyosin Provide feedback
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Internal database links
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||Tropomyosin_1 Tropomyosin_1|
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000533
Tropomyosins [PUBMED:3606587], are a family of closely related proteins present in muscle and non-muscle cells. In striated muscle, tropomyosin mediate the interactions between the troponin complex and actin so as to regulate muscle contraction [PUBMED:12690456]. The role of tropomyosin in smooth muscle and non-muscle tissues is not clear. Tropomyosin is an alpha-helical protein that forms a coiled-coil structure of 2 parallel helices containing 2 sets of 7 alternating actin binding sites [PUBMED:6993480]. There are multiple cell-specific isoforms, created by differential splicing of the messenger RNA from one gene, but the proportions of the isoforms vary between different cell types. Muscle isoforms of tropomyosin are characterised by having 284 amino acid residues and a highly conserved N-terminal region, whereas non-muscle forms are generally smaller and are heterogeneous in their N-terminal region.
This entry represents tropomyosin (Tmp) 1, 2 and 3. Within the yeast Tmp1 and Tmp2, biochemical and sequence analyses indicate that Tpm2 spans four actin monomers along a filament, whereas Tpm1 spans five. Despite its shorter length, Tpm2 can compete with Tpm1 for binding to F-actin. Over-expression of Tpm2 in vivo alters the axial budding of haploids to a bipolar pattern, and this can be partially suppressed by co-over-expression of Tpm1. This suggests distinct functions for the two tropomyosins, and indicates that the ratio between them is important for correct morphogenesis [PUBMED:7844152].
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||43|
|Number in full:||1328|
|Average length of the domain:||180.20 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||54 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||81.39 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||15|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Tropomyosin domain has been found. There are 54 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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