Summary: Macrocin-O-methyltransferase (TylF)
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This family consists of bacterial macrocin O-methyltransferase (TylF) proteins. TylF is responsible for the methylation of macrocin to produce tylosin. Tylosin is a macrolide antibiotic used in veterinary medicine to treat infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria and as an animal growth promoter in the swine industry. It is produced by several Streptomyces species. As with other macrolides, the antibiotic activity of tylosin is due to the inhibition of protein biosynthesis by a mechanism that involves the binding of tylosin to the ribosome, preventing the formation of the mRNA-aminoacyl-tRNA-ribosome complex . The structure of one representative sequence from this family, NovP, shows it to be an S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent O-methyltransferase that catalyses the penultimate step in the biosynthesis of the aminocoumarin antibiotic novobiocin. Specifically, it methylates at 4-OH of the noviose moiety, and the resultant methoxy group is important for the potency of the mature antibiotic. It is likely that the key structural features of NovP are common to the rest of the family and include: a helical 'lid' region that gates access to the co-substrate binding pocket and an active centre that contains a 3-Asp putative metal binding site. A further conserved Asp probably acts as the general base that initiates the reaction by de-protonating the 4-OH group of the noviose unit .
Fouces R, Mellado E, Diez B, Barredo JL; , Microbiology 1999;145:855-868.: The tylosin biosynthetic cluster from Streptomyces fradiae: genetic organization of the left region. PUBMED:10220165 EPMC:10220165
Gomez Garcia I, Stevenson CE, Uson I, Freel Meyers CL, Walsh CT, Lawson DM;, J Mol Biol. 2010;395:390-407.: The crystal structure of the novobiocin biosynthetic enzyme NovP: the first representative structure for the TylF O-methyltransferase superfamily. PUBMED:19857499 EPMC:19857499
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR008884This family consists of bacterial macrocin O-methyltransferase (TylF) proteins. TylF is responsible for the methylation of macrocin to produce tylosin. Tylosin is a macrolide antibiotic used in veterinary medicine to treat infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria and as an animal growth promoter in the Sus scrofa (Pig) industry. It is produced by several Streptomyces species. As with other macrolides, the antibiotic activity of tylosin is due to the inhibition of protein biosynthesis by a mechanism that involves the binding of tylosin to the ribosome, preventing the formation of the mRNA-aminoacyl-tRNA-ribosome complex [PUBMED:10220165].
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A class of redox enzymes are two domain proteins. One domain, termed the catalytic domain, confers substrate specificity and the precise reaction of the enzyme. The other domain, which is common to this class of redox enzymes, is a Rossmann-fold domain. The Rossmann domain binds nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and it is this cofactor that reversibly accepts a hydride ion, which is lost or gained by the substrate in the redox reaction. Rossmann domains have an alpha/beta fold, which has a central beta sheet, with approximately five alpha helices found surrounding the beta sheet.The strands forming the beta sheet are found in the following characteristic order 654123. The inter sheet crossover of the stands in the sheet form the NAD+ binding site . In some more distantly relate Rossmann domains the NAD+ cofactor is replaced by the functionally similar cofactor FAD.
The clan contains the following 181 members:2-Hacid_dh_C 3Beta_HSD 3HCDH_N adh_short adh_short_C2 ADH_zinc_N ADH_zinc_N_2 AdoHcyase_NAD AdoMet_MTase AlaDh_PNT_C Amino_oxidase ApbA AviRa B12-binding Bac_GDH Bin3 CheR CMAS CmcI CoA_binding CoA_binding_2 CoA_binding_3 Cons_hypoth95 DAO DapB_N DFP DNA_methylase DOT1 DREV DUF1442 DUF166 DUF1776 DUF2431 DUF268 DUF3321 DUF364 DUF43 DUF938 DXP_redisom_C DXP_reductoisom Eco57I ELFV_dehydrog Eno-Rase_FAD_bd Eno-Rase_NADH_b Enoyl_reductase Epimerase F420_oxidored FAD_binding_2 FAD_binding_3 FAD_oxidored Fibrillarin FMO-like FmrO FtsJ G6PD_N GCD14 GDI GDP_Man_Dehyd GFO_IDH_MocA GIDA GidB GLF Glu_dehyd_C Glyco_hydro_4 GMC_oxred_N Gp_dh_N GRAS GRDA HI0933_like HIM1 IlvN K_oxygenase KR LCM Ldh_1_N Lycopene_cycl Malic_M Mannitol_dh MCRA Met_10 Methyltrans_Mon Methyltrans_SAM Methyltransf_10 Methyltransf_11 Methyltransf_12 Methyltransf_15 Methyltransf_16 Methyltransf_17 Methyltransf_18 Methyltransf_19 Methyltransf_2 Methyltransf_20 Methyltransf_21 Methyltransf_22 Methyltransf_23 Methyltransf_24 Methyltransf_25 Methyltransf_26 Methyltransf_28 Methyltransf_29 Methyltransf_3 Methyltransf_30 Methyltransf_31 Methyltransf_32 Methyltransf_34 Methyltransf_4 Methyltransf_5 Methyltransf_7 Methyltransf_8 Methyltransf_9 Methyltransf_PK MethyltransfD12 MetW Mg-por_mtran_C Mqo MT-A70 MTS Mur_ligase N2227 N6-adenineMlase N6_Mtase N6_N4_Mtase NAD_binding_10 NAD_binding_2 NAD_binding_3 NAD_binding_4 NAD_binding_5 NAD_binding_7 NAD_binding_8 NAD_binding_9 NAD_Gly3P_dh_N NAS NmrA NNMT_PNMT_TEMT NodS Nol1_Nop2_Fmu NSP13 OCD_Mu_crystall PARP_regulatory PCMT PDH Polysacc_synt_2 Pox_MCEL Prenylcys_lyase PrmA PRMT5 Pyr_redox Pyr_redox_2 Pyr_redox_3 RmlD_sub_bind Rossmann-like rRNA_methylase RrnaAD Rsm22 RsmJ Sacchrp_dh_NADP SAM_MT SAMBD SE Semialdhyde_dh Shikimate_DH Spermine_synth TehB THF_DHG_CYH_C Thi4 ThiF TPMT TrkA_N TRM TRM13 TrmK tRNA_U5-meth_tr Trp_halogenase TylF Ubie_methyltran UDPG_MGDP_dh_N UPF0020 UPF0146 V_cholerae_RfbT XdhC_C YjeF_N
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_5055 (release 8.0)|
|Number in seed:||17|
|Number in full:||1207|
|Average length of the domain:||206.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||27 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||70.68 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||7|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the TylF domain has been found. There are 38 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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