Summary: Repeat in ubiquitin-activating (UBA) protein
Repeat in ubiquitin-activating (UBA) protein Provide feedback
No Pfam abstract.
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000127
The post-translational attachment of ubiquitin (INTERPRO) to proteins (ubiquitinylation) alters the function, location or trafficking of a protein, or targets it to the 26S proteasome for degradation [PUBMED:15556404, PUBMED:15196553, PUBMED:15454246]. Ubiquitinylation is an ATP-dependent process that involves the action of at least three enzymes: a ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1, INTERPRO), a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2, INTERPRO), and a ubiquitin ligase (E3, INTERPRO, INTERPRO), which work sequentially in a cascade [PUBMED:14998368]. The E1 enzyme is responsible for activating ubiquitin, the first step in ubiquitinylation. The E1 enzyme hydrolyses ATP and adenylates the C-terminal glycine residue of ubiquitin, and then links this residue to the active site cysteine of E1, yielding a ubiquitin-thioester and free AMP. To be fully active, E1 must non-covalently bind to and adenylate a second ubiquitin molecule. The E1 enzyme can then transfer the thioester-linked ubiquitin molecule to a cysteine residue on the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, E2, in an ATP-dependent reaction.
This domain is found 2 times in each member of the ubiquitin activating enzymes and is located downstream of the active site cysteine [PUBMED:1634524].
|Molecular function||small protein activating enzyme activity (GO:0008641)|
|ATP binding (GO:0005524)|
|Biological process||cellular protein modification process (GO:0006464)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
- Pfam viewer
- an HTML-based viewer that uses DAS to retrieve alignment fragments on request
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Author:||Mian N, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||128|
|Number in full:||1697|
|Average length of the domain:||65.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||34 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||11.72 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||16|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
There are 4 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the UBACT domain has been found. There are 44 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
Loading structure mapping...