Summary: RnfH family Ubiquitin
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RnfH family Ubiquitin Provide feedback
A member of the RnfH family of the ubiquitin superfamily. Members of this family strongly co-occur in two distinct gene neighborhood contexts. In one it is associated with a START domain protein, a membrane protein SmpA and the transfer mRNA binding protein SmpB. This association suggests a possible role in the SmpB-tmRNA-based tagging and degadation system of bacteria, which is interesting given that other members of the ubiquitin system are analogously involved in protein-tagging and degradation across eukaryotes and various prokaryotes. The second context in which the RnfH genes are present is in a membrane associated complex involved in transporting electrons for various reductive reactions such as nitrogen fixation .
Iyer LM, Burroughs AM, Aravind L; , Genome Biol. 2006;7:R60.: The prokaryotic antecedents of the ubiquitin-signaling system and the early evolution of ubiquitin-like beta-grasp domains. PUBMED:16859499 EPMC:16859499
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR005346
The RnfH family is a member of the ubiquitin superfamily. Members of the RnfH family strongly co-occur in two distinct gene neighbourhood contexts. In one it is associated with a START domain protein, a membrane protein SmpA and the transfer mRNA binding protein SmpB. This association suggests a possible role in the SmpB-tmRNA-based tagging and degradation system of bacteria, which is interesting given that other members of the ubiquitin system are analogously involved in protein-tagging and degradation across eukaryotes and various prokaryotes. The second context in which the RnfH genes are present is in a membrane associated complex involved in transporting electrons for various reductive reactions such as nitrogen fixation [PUBMED:16859499].
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This family includes proteins that share the ubiquitin fold. It currently unites four SCOP superfamilies.
The clan contains the following 41 members:APG12 Atg8 Blt1 Caps_synth_GfcC CIDE-N Cobl DUF1315 DUF2407 DUF4430 DWNN FERM_N Lambda_tail_I Multi_ubiq NQRA_SLBB PB1 PI3K_rbd Plug Prok_Ub RA Rad60-SLD Rad60-SLD_2 Ras_bdg_2 RBD SLBB Telomere_Sde2 TGS ThiS ThiS-like TmoB TUG-UBL1 Ub-Mut7C Ub-RnfH ubiquitin Ubiquitin_2 Ubiquitin_3 UBX Ufm1 UN_NPL4 Urm1 YchF-GTPase_C YukD
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Bateman A, Burroughs AM, Iyer LM, Aravind L|
|Number in seed:||10|
|Number in full:||1334|
|Average length of the domain:||83.20 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||51 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||83.26 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||9|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Ub-RnfH domain has been found. There are 2 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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