Summary: Proteins of 100 residues with WXG
Proteins of 100 residues with WXG Provide feedback
ESAT-6 is a small protein appears to be of fundamental importance in virulence and protective immunity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Homologues have been detected in other Gram-positive bacterial species. It may represent a novel secretion system potentially driven by the PF01580 domains in the YukA-like proteins .
Burts ML, Williams WA, DeBord K, Missiakas DM; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:1169-1174.: EsxA and EsxB are secreted by an ESAT-6-like system that is required for the pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus infections. PUBMED:15657139 EPMC:15657139
Desvaux M, Hebraud M, Talon R, Henderson IR;, Trends Microbiol. 2009;17:338-340.: Outer membrane translocation: numerical protein secretion nomenclature in question in mycobacteria. PUBMED:19674902 EPMC:19674902
Desvaux M, Hebraud M, Talon R, Henderson IR;, Trends Microbiol. 2009;17:139-145.: Secretion and subcellular localizations of bacterial proteins: a semantic awareness issue. PUBMED:19299134 EPMC:19299134
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR010310
ESAT-6 is a small protein appears to be of fundamental importance in virulence and protective immunity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Homologues have been detected in other Gram-positive bacterial species. It may represent a novel secretion system potentially driven by the domains in the YukA-like proteins [PUBMED:11973144].
Members of this protein family include secretion targets for type main variants of type VII secretion systems (T7SS), one found in the Actinobacteria, one found in the Firmicutes. This model was derived through iteration from . The best characterised member of this family is ESAT-6 from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Members of this family usually are ~100 amino acids in length but occasionally have long C-terminal extension.
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
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The WXG100 protein secretion system (Wss) is responsible for the secretion of WXG100 proteins (PF06013), such as ESAT-10 (6 kDa early secreted antigenic target) and CFP-10 (10 kDa culture filtrate protein) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis or EsxA (ESAT-6-like extracellularly secreted protein A) and EsxB in Staphylococcus aureus. These two proteins, generally encoded in the same gene cluster, form a 1:1 heterodimeric complex. These proteins are virulence factors involved in host-pathogen interaction , as demonstrated in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus aureus or Bacillus anthracis. The Wss is encoded in many other Gram-positive (monoderm) bacteria. This superfamily contains a number of DUFs which are closely related and may or may not represent the same family of proteins.
The clan contains the following 6 members:DUF2563 DUF2580 LXG PE PPE WXG100
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_7198 (release 9.0)|
|Author:||Moxon SJ, Studholme DJ|
|Number in seed:||120|
|Number in full:||3120|
|Average length of the domain:||84.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||18 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||66.58 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||7|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the WXG100 domain has been found. There are 30 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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