Please note: this site relies heavily on the use of javascript. Without a javascript-enabled browser, this site will not function correctly. Please enable javascript and reload the page, or switch to a different browser.
30  structures 131  species 0  interactions 165  sequences 2  architectures

Family: XRCC4 (PF06632)

Summary: DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination protein XRCC4

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "XRCC4". More...

This page is based on a Wikipedia article. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination protein XRCC4 Provide feedback

This family consists of several eukaryotic DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination protein XRCC4 sequences. In the non-homologous end joining pathway of DNA double-strand break repair, the ligation step is catalysed by a complex of XRCC4 and DNA ligase IV. It is thought that XRCC4 and ligase IV are essential for alignment-based gap filling, as well as for final ligation of the breaks [1].

Literature references

  1. Lee JW, Yannone SM, Chen DJ, Povirk LF; , Cancer Res 2003;63:22-24.: Requirement for XRCC4 and DNA ligase IV in alignment-based gap filling for nonhomologous DNA end joining in vitro. PUBMED:12517771 EPMC:12517771


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR010585

This entry represents the DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination protein XRCC4, which is found in certain Metazoans, fungi and plants. XRCC4 binds to DNA, and to DNA ligase IV (LIG4) to form the LIG4-XRCC4 complex [PUBMED:11029705]. The LIG4-XRCC4 complex is responsible for the ligation step in the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway of DNA double-strand break repair. XRCC4 enhances the joining activity of LIG4. It is thought that XRCC4 and LIG4 are essential for alignment-based gap filling, as well as for final ligation of the breaks [PUBMED:12517771]. Binding of the LIG4-XRCC4 complex to DNA ends is dependent on the assembly of the DNA-dependent protein kinase complex DNA-PK to these DNA ends.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

Loading domain graphics...

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(5)
Full
(165)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(172)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(20)
RP35
(38)
RP55
(62)
RP75
(88)
Jalview View  View  View  View  View  View  View   
HTML View  View  View  View  View  View     
PP/heatmap 1 View  View  View  View  View     
Pfam viewer View  View             

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(5)
Full
(165)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(172)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(20)
RP35
(38)
RP55
(62)
RP75
(88)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(5)
Full
(165)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(172)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(20)
RP35
(38)
RP55
(62)
RP75
(88)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download    
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download    

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_21077 (release 10.0)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Author: Moxon SJ
Number in seed: 5
Number in full: 165
Average length of the domain: 255.40 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 26 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 82.27 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 26.6 26.6
Trusted cut-off 26.6 26.6
Noise cut-off 26.5 26.5
Model length: 342
Family (HMM) version: 7
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

Sunburst controls

Show

This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

Loading sunburst data...

Tree controls

Hide

The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...

Loading...

Please note: for large trees this can take some time. While the tree is loading, you can safely switch away from this tab but if you browse away from the family page entirely, the tree will not be loaded.

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the XRCC4 domain has been found. There are 30 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

Loading structure mapping...