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11  structures 227  species 0  interactions 6130  sequences 1671  architectures

Family: hEGF (PF12661)

Summary: Human growth factor-like EGF

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The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Human growth factor-like EGF Provide feedback

hEGF, or human growth factor-like EGF, domains have six conserved residues disulfide-bonded into the characteristic 'ababcc' pattern. They are involved in growth and proliferation of cells, in proteins of the Notch/Delta pathway, neurogulin and selectins. hEGFs are also found in mosaic proteins with four-disulfide laminin EGFs such as aggrecan and perlecan. The core fold of the EGF domain consists of two small beta-hairpins packed against each other. Two major structural variants have been identified based on the structural context of the C-terminal Cys residue of disulfide 'c' in the C-terminal hairpin: hEGFs and cEGFs. In hEGFs the C-terminal thiol resides in the beta-turn, resulting in shorter loop-lengths between the Cys residues of disulfide 'c', typically C[8-9]XC. These shorter loop-lengths are also typical of the four-disulfide EGF domains, laminin ad integrin. Tandem hEGF domains have six linking residues between terminal cysteines of adjacent domains. hEGF domains may or may not bind calcium in the linker region. hEGF domains with the consensus motif CXD4X[F,Y]XCXC are hydroxylated exclusively in the Asp residue.

Literature references

  1. Wouters MA, Rigoutsos I, Chu CK, Feng LL, Sparrow DB, Dunwoodie SL;, Protein Sci. 2005;14:1091-1103.: Evolution of distinct EGF domains with specific functions. PUBMED:15772310 EPMC:15772310


Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR013032

A sequence of about thirty to forty amino-acid residues long found in the sequence of epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been shown [PUBMED:, PUBMED:3282918, PUBMED:6607417, PUBMED:2288911, PUBMED:6334307] to be present, in a more or less conserved form, in a large number of other, mostly animal proteins. The list of proteins currently known to contain one or more copies of an EGF-like pattern is large and varied. The functional significance of EGF domains in what appear to be unrelated proteins is not yet clear. However, a common feature is that these repeats are found in the extracellular domain of membrane-bound proteins or in proteins known to be secreted (exception: prostaglandin G/H synthase). The EGF domain includes six cysteine residues which have been shown (in EGF) to be involved in disulphide bonds. The main structure is a two-stranded beta-sheet followed by a loop to a C-terminal short two-stranded sheet. Subdomains between the conserved cysteines vary in length. This entry represents a conserved site in the EGF-like domain.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan EGF (CL0001), which has the following description:

Members of this clan all belong to the EGF superfamily. This particular superfamily is characterised as having least 6 cysteines residues. These cysteine form disulphide bonds, in the order 1-3, 2-4, 5-6, which are essential for the stability of the EGF fold. These disulphide bonds are stacked in a ladder-like arrangement. The Laminin EGF family is distinguished by having an an additional disulphide bond. The function of the domains within this family remains unclear, but they are though to largely perform a structural role. More often than not, there domains are arranged a tandem repeats in extracellular proteins.

The clan contains the following 13 members:

cEGF DSL EGF EGF_2 EGF_3 EGF_alliinase EGF_CA EGF_MSP1_1 FOLN FXa_inhibition hEGF Laminin_EGF Tme5_EGF_like

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(521)
Full
(6130)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(13199)
Meta
(236)
RP15
(1352)
RP35
(1597)
RP55
(2396)
RP75
(3408)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(521)
Full
(6130)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(13199)
Meta
(236)
RP15
(1352)
RP35
(1597)
RP55
(2396)
RP75
(3408)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(521)
Full
(6130)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(13199)
Meta
(236)
RP15
(1352)
RP35
(1597)
RP55
(2396)
RP75
(3408)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Wouters M
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Wouters M, Coggill P
Number in seed: 521
Number in full: 6130
Average length of the domain: 13.00 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 50 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 2.13 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 18.0 13.6
Trusted cut-off 18.0 13.6
Noise cut-off 17.9 13.5
Model length: 13
Family (HMM) version: 2
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the hEGF domain has been found. There are 11 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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