Summary: ATP synthase (E/31 kDa) subunit
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ATP synthase (E/31 kDa) subunit Provide feedback
Wilms R, Freiberg C, Wegerle E, Meier I, Mayer F, Muller V; , J Biol Chem 1996;271:18843-18852.: Subunit structure and organization of the genes of the A1A0 ATPase from the Archaeon Methanosarcina mazei Go1. PUBMED:8702544 EPMC:8702544
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR002842
Transmembrane ATPases are membrane-bound enzyme complexes/ion transporters that use ATP hydrolysis to drive the transport of protons across a membrane. Some transmembrane ATPases also work in reverse, harnessing the energy from a proton gradient, using the flux of ions across the membrane via the ATPase proton channel to drive the synthesis of ATP.
There are several different types of transmembrane ATPases, which can differ in function (ATP hydrolysis and/or synthesis), structure (e.g., F-, V- and A-ATPases, which contain rotary motors) and in the type of ions they transport [PUBMED:15473999, PUBMED:15078220]. The different types include:
- F-ATPases (F1F0-ATPases), which are found in mitochondria, chloroplasts and bacterial plasma membranes where they are the prime producers of ATP, using the proton gradient generated by oxidative phosphorylation (mitochondria) or photosynthesis (chloroplasts).
- V-ATPases (V1V0-ATPases), which are primarily found in eukaryotic vacuoles and catalyse ATP hydrolysis to transport solutes and lower pH in organelles.
- A-ATPases (A1A0-ATPases), which are found in Archaea and function like F-ATPases (though with respect to their structure and some inhibitor responses, A-ATPases are more closely related to the V-ATPases).
- P-ATPases (E1E2-ATPases), which are found in bacteria and in eukaryotic plasma membranes and organelles, and function to transport a variety of different ions across membranes.
- E-ATPases, which are cell-surface enzymes that hydrolyse a range of NTPs, including extracellular ATP.
The V-ATPases (or V1V0-ATPase) and A-ATPases (or A1A0-ATPase) are each composed of two linked complexes: the V1 or A1 complex contains the catalytic core that hydrolyses/synthesizes ATP, and the V0 or A0 complex that forms the membrane-spanning pore. The V- and A-ATPases both contain rotary motors, one that drives proton translocation across the membrane and one that drives ATP synthesis/hydrolysis [PUBMED:11309608, PUBMED:15629643, PUBMED:15168615]. The V- and A-ATPases more closely resemble one another in subunit structure than they do the F-ATPases, although the function of A-ATPases is closer to that of F-ATPases.
This entry represents subunit E from the V1 and A1 complexes of V- and A-ATPases, respectively. Subunit E appears to form a tight interaction with subunit G in the F0 complex, which together may act as stators to prevent certain subunits from rotating with the central rotary element, much in the same way as the F0 complex subunit B does in F-ATPases [PUBMED:15292229]. In addition to its key role in stator structure, subunit E appears to have a role in mediating interactions with putative regulatory subunits [PUBMED:15751969].
More information about this protein can be found at Protein of the Month: ATP Synthases [PUBMED:].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||proton-transporting two-sector ATPase complex, catalytic domain (GO:0033178)|
|Molecular function||proton-transporting ATPase activity, rotational mechanism (GO:0046961)|
|Biological process||ATP hydrolysis coupled proton transport (GO:0015991)|
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This clan contains subunits of the F0 complex of ATP-synthase. The F0 complex is the non-catalytic unit of ATPase and is involved in proton translocation across membranes.
The clan contains the following 12 members:ATP-synt_8 ATP-synt_B FliH Fun_ATP-synt_8 HrpE Mt_ATP-synt_B NolV OSCP V-ATPase_G vATP-synt_E Yae1_N YMF19
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Enright A|
|Author:||Enright A, Ouzounis C, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||17|
|Number in full:||1053|
|Average length of the domain:||184.00 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||22 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||89.44 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||13|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There is 1 interaction for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the vATP-synt_E domain has been found. There are 14 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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