Summary: Zinc-finger associated domain (zf-AD)
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Zinc-finger associated domain (zf-AD) Provide feedback
The zf-AD domain, also known as ZAD, forms an atypical treble-cleft-like zinc co-ordinating fold. The zf-AD domain is thought to be involved in mediating dimer formation, but does not bind to DNA .
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR012934
Zinc finger (Znf) domains are relatively small protein motifs which contain multiple finger-like protrusions that make tandem contacts with their target molecule. Some of these domains bind zinc, but many do not; instead binding other metals such as iron, or no metal at all. For example, some family members form salt bridges to stabilise the finger-like folds. They were first identified as a DNA-binding motif in transcription factor TFIIIA from Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog), however they are now recognised to bind DNA, RNA, protein and/or lipid substrates [PUBMED:10529348, PUBMED:15963892, PUBMED:15718139, PUBMED:17210253, PUBMED:12665246]. Their binding properties depend on the amino acid sequence of the finger domains and of the linker between fingers, as well as on the higher-order structures and the number of fingers. Znf domains are often found in clusters, where fingers can have different binding specificities. There are many superfamilies of Znf motifs, varying in both sequence and structure. They display considerable versatility in binding modes, even between members of the same class (e.g. some bind DNA, others protein), suggesting that Znf motifs are stable scaffolds that have evolved specialised functions. For example, Znf-containing proteins function in gene transcription, translation, mRNA trafficking, cytoskeleton organisation, epithelial development, cell adhesion, protein folding, chromatin remodelling and zinc sensing, to name but a few [PUBMED:11179890]. Zinc-binding motifs are stable structures, and they rarely undergo conformational changes upon binding their target.
The zf-AD domain, also known as ZAD, forms an atypical treble-cleft-like zinc co-ordinating fold. The zf-AD domain is thought to be involved in mediating dimer formation, but does not bind to DNA [PUBMED:14604529].
More information about these proteins can be found at Protein of the Month: Zinc Fingers [PUBMED:].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||nucleus (GO:0005634)|
|Molecular function||zinc ion binding (GO:0008270)|
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Superfamily of classical and closely related C2H2 or beta-beta-alpha zinc finger DNA-binding domains.
The clan contains the following 27 members:DUF3449 GAGA Sgf11 zf-AD zf-BED zf-C2H2 zf-C2H2_10 zf-C2H2_11 zf-C2H2_2 zf-C2H2_3 zf-C2H2_4 zf-C2H2_6 zf-C2H2_7 zf-C2H2_8 zf-C2H2_aberr zf-C2H2_jaz zf-C2HC_2 zf-DBF zf-Di19 zf-H2C2 zf-H2C2_2 zf-H2C2_5 zf-H3C2 zf-LYAR zf-met zf-met2 zf-U1
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_14442 (release 14.0)|
|Author:||Guo J, Finn RD|
|Number in seed:||94|
|Number in full:||3073|
|Average length of the domain:||75.20 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||20 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||13.86 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||11|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the zf-AD domain has been found. There are 1 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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