Summary: DNA Polymerase alpha zinc finger
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The DNA Polymerase alpha zinc finger domain adopts an alpha-helix-like structure, followed by three turns, all of which involve proline. The resulting motif is a helix-turn-helix motif, in contrast to other zinc finger domains, which show anti-parallel sheet and helix conformation. Zinc binding occurs due to the presence of four cysteine residues positioned to bind the metal centre in a tetrahedral coordination geometry. Function of this domain is uncertain: it has been proposed that the zinc finger motif may be an essential part of the DNA binding domain .
Evanics F, Maurmann L, Yang WW, Bose RN; , Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003;1651:163-171.: Nuclear magnetic resonance structures of the zinc finger domain of human DNA polymerase-alpha. PUBMED:14499601 EPMC:14499601
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR015088
Zinc finger (Znf) domains are relatively small protein motifs which contain multiple finger-like protrusions that make tandem contacts with their target molecule. Some of these domains bind zinc, but many do not; instead binding other metals such as iron, or no metal at all. For example, some family members form salt bridges to stabilise the finger-like folds. They were first identified as a DNA-binding motif in transcription factor TFIIIA from Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog), however they are now recognised to bind DNA, RNA, protein and/or lipid substrates [PUBMED:10529348, PUBMED:15963892, PUBMED:15718139, PUBMED:17210253, PUBMED:12665246]. Their binding properties depend on the amino acid sequence of the finger domains and of the linker between fingers, as well as on the higher-order structures and the number of fingers. Znf domains are often found in clusters, where fingers can have different binding specificities. There are many superfamilies of Znf motifs, varying in both sequence and structure. They display considerable versatility in binding modes, even between members of the same class (e.g. some bind DNA, others protein), suggesting that Znf motifs are stable scaffolds that have evolved specialised functions. For example, Znf-containing proteins function in gene transcription, translation, mRNA trafficking, cytoskeleton organisation, epithelial development, cell adhesion, protein folding, chromatin remodelling and zinc sensing, to name but a few [PUBMED:11179890]. Zinc-binding motifs are stable structures, and they rarely undergo conformational changes upon binding their target.
The DNA Polymerase alpha zinc finger domain adopts an alpha-helix-like structure, followed by three turns, all of which involve proline. The resulting motif is a helix-turn-helix motif, in contrast to other zinc finger domains, which show anti-parallel sheet and helix conformation. Zinc binding occurs due to the presence of four cysteine residues positioned to bind the metal centre in a tetrahedral coordination geometry. The function of this domain is uncertain: it has been proposed that the zinc finger motif may be an essential part of the DNA binding domain [PUBMED:14499601].
More information about these proteins can be found at Protein of the Month: Zinc Fingers [PUBMED:].
|Molecular function||DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity (GO:0003887)|
|nucleoside binding (GO:0001882)|
|Biological process||DNA replication (GO:0006260)|
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Mistry J, Sammut SJ|
|Number in seed:||40|
|Number in full:||326|
|Average length of the domain:||179.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||29 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||13.00 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||5|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the zf-DNA_Pol domain has been found. There are 7 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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