Summary: Nanos RNA binding domain
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Nanos RNA binding domain Provide feedback
This family consists of several conserved novel zinc finger domains found in the eukaryotic proteins Nanos and Xcat-2. In Drosophila melanogaster, Nanos functions as a localised determinant of posterior pattern. Nanos RNA is localised to the posterior pole of the maturing egg cell and encodes a protein that emanates from this localised source. Nanos acts as a translational repressor and thereby establishes a gradient of the morphogen Hunchback . Xcat-2 is found in the vegetal cortical region and is inherited by the vegetal blasomeres during development, and is degraded very early in development. The localised and maternally restricted expression of Xcat-2 RNA suggests a role for its protein in setting up regional differences in gene expression that occur early in development .
Mosquera L, Forristall C, Zhou Y, King ML; , Development 1993;117:377-386.: A mRNA localized to the vegetal cortex of Xenopus oocytes encodes a protein with a nanos-like zinc finger domain. PUBMED:8223259 EPMC:8223259
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR024161
Nanos is a highly conserved RNA-binding protein in higher eukaryotes and functions as a key regulatory protein in translational control using a 3' untranslated region during the development and maintenance of germ cells. Nanos comprises a non-conserved amino-terminus and highly conserved carboxy- terminal regions. The C-terminal region has two conserved Cys-Cys-His-Cys (CCHC)-type zinc-finger motifs that are indispensable for nanos function [PUBMED:8223259, PUBMED:10518502, PUBMED:20948543].
The structure of the nanos-type zinc finger is composed of two independent zinc-finger (ZF) lobes, the N-terminal ZF1 and the C-terminal ZF2, which are connected by a linker helix [PUBMED:20948543]. These lobes create a large cleft. Zinc ions in ZF1 and ZF2 are bound to the CCHC motif by tetrahedral coordination.
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_5908 (release 8.0)|
|Number in seed:||36|
|Number in full:||305|
|Average length of the domain:||55.30 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||54 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||25.74 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||8|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the zf-nanos domain has been found. There are 4 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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