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35  structures 909  species 1  interaction 7962  sequences 85  architectures

Family: Septin (PF00735)

Summary: Septin

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Septin". More...

This page is based on a Wikipedia article. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Septin Provide feedback

Members of this family include CDC3, CDC10, CDC11 and CDC12/Septin. Members of this family bind GTP. As regards the septins, these are polypeptides of 30-65kDa with three characteristic GTPase motifs (G-1, G-3 and G-4) that are similar to those of the Ras family. The G-4 motif is strictly conserved with a unique septin consensus of AKAD. Most septins are thought to have at least one coiled-coil region, which in some cases is necessary for intermolecular interactions that allow septins to polymerise to form rod-shaped complexes. In turn, these are arranged into tandem arrays to form filaments. They are multifunctional proteins, with roles in cytokinesis, sporulation, germ cell development, exocytosis and apoptosis [2].

Literature references

  1. Casamayor A, Snyder M; , Mol Cell Biol 2003;23:2762-2777.: Molecular dissection of a yeast septin: distinct domains are required for septin interaction, localization, and function. PUBMED:12665577 EPMC:12665577

  2. Kinoshita M; , Genome Biol 2003;4:236.: The septins. PUBMED:14611653 EPMC:14611653


Internal database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR030379

The P-loop guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) control a multitude of biological processes, ranging from cell division, cell cycling, and signal transduction, to ribosome assembly and protein synthesis. GTPases exert their control by interchanging between an inactive GDP-bound state and an active GTP-bound state, thereby acting as molecular switches. The common denominator of GTPases is the highly conserved guanine nucleotide-binding (G) domain that is responsible for binding and hydrolysis of guanine nucleotides.

Septins are a family of eukaryotic cytoskeletal proteins conserved from yeasts to humans. The septin family belongs to the guanosine-triphosphate (GTP)ase superclass of P-loop nucleoside triphosphate (NTP)ases. Septins participate in diverse cellular functions including cytokinesis, vesicle trafficking, vesicle fusion, axonal guidance and migration, diffusion barrier, scaffolds, pathogenesis and others. Septin monomers form homo- and hetero-oligomeric complexes that assemble into filaments. Structurally all septins have a GTP-binding domain flanked by N- and C-terminal regions of variable length. The GTP-binding domain is the most highly conserved and is characterised by the presence of three of the five classical GTP-binding motifs. The G1 motif (or Walker A box, GxxxxGKS/T) forms the P-loop, which interacts directly with the nucleotide, whereas the G3 (DxxG) and G4 (xKxD) motifs are respectively essential for Mg(2+) binding and for conferring GTP binding specificity over other nucleotides. The basic structure of the septin-type G domain closely resembles the canonical G domain exemplified by Ras, with six beta-strands and five alpha-helices. A unique feature of the septin-type G domain is the presence of four additional elements compared to Ras. These are the helix alpha5' between alpha4 and beta6, the two antiparallel strands beta7 and beta8, and the alpha6 C-terminal helix that points away from the G domain at a 90deg angle relative to the axis of interaction between subunits [PUBMED:11916378, PUBMED:16009555, PUBMED:17637674, PUBMED:23163726, PUBMED:24367716].

This entry represents the septin-type G domain.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan P-loop_NTPase (CL0023), which has the following description:

AAA family proteins often perform chaperone-like functions that assist in the assembly, operation, or disassembly of protein complexes [2].

The clan contains the following 229 members:

6PF2K AAA AAA-ATPase_like AAA_10 AAA_11 AAA_12 AAA_13 AAA_14 AAA_15 AAA_16 AAA_17 AAA_18 AAA_19 AAA_2 AAA_21 AAA_22 AAA_23 AAA_24 AAA_25 AAA_26 AAA_27 AAA_28 AAA_29 AAA_3 AAA_30 AAA_31 AAA_32 AAA_33 AAA_34 AAA_35 AAA_5 AAA_6 AAA_7 AAA_8 AAA_9 AAA_PrkA ABC_ATPase ABC_tran ABC_tran_Xtn Adeno_IVa2 Adenylsucc_synt ADK AFG1_ATPase AIG1 APS_kinase Arf ArsA_ATPase ATP-synt_ab ATP_bind_1 ATP_bind_2 ATPase ATPase_2 Bac_DnaA BCA_ABC_TP_C Beta-Casp Cas_Csn2 Cas_St_Csn2 CbiA CBP_BcsQ CDC73_C CENP-M CFTR_R CLP1_P CMS1 CoaE CobA_CobO_BtuR CobU cobW CPT CSM2 CTP_synth_N Cytidylate_kin Cytidylate_kin2 DAP3 DBINO DEAD DEAD_2 DLIC DNA_pack_C DNA_pack_N DNA_pol3_delta DNA_pol3_delta2 DnaB_C dNK DUF1611 DUF1726 DUF2075 DUF2326 DUF2478 DUF257 DUF2791 DUF2813 DUF3584 DUF463 DUF815 DUF853 DUF87 DUF927 Dynamin_N Dynein_heavy Elong_Iki1 ELP6 ERCC3_RAD25_C Exonuc_V_gamma FeoB_N Fer4_NifH Flavi_DEAD FTHFS FtsK_SpoIIIE G-alpha Gal-3-0_sulfotr GBP GBP_C GTP_EFTU Gtr1_RagA Guanylate_kin GvpD HDA2-3 Helicase_C Helicase_C_2 Helicase_C_4 Helicase_RecD Herpes_Helicase Herpes_ori_bp Herpes_TK HSA HydF_dimer HydF_tetramer Hydin_ADK IIGP IPPT IPT IstB_IS21 KAP_NTPase KdpD Kinase-PPPase Kinesin KTI12 LAP1C Lon_2 LpxK MCM MeaB MEDS Mg_chelatase Microtub_bd MipZ MMR_HSR1 MMR_HSR1_C MobB MukB MutS_V Myosin_head NACHT NB-ARC NOG1 NTPase_1 NTPase_P4 ORC3_N ParA Parvo_NS1 PAXNEB PduV-EutP PhoH PIF1 Ploopntkinase1 Ploopntkinase2 Ploopntkinase3 Podovirus_Gp16 Polyoma_lg_T_C Pox_A32 PPK2 PPV_E1_C PRK PSY3 Rad17 Rad51 Ras RecA ResIII RHD3 RHSP RNA12 RNA_helicase Roc RsgA_GTPase RuvB_N SbcCD_C SecA_DEAD Septin Sigma54_activ_2 Sigma54_activat SKI SMC_N SNF2_N Spore_IV_A SRP54 SRPRB SulA Sulfotransfer_1 Sulfotransfer_2 Sulfotransfer_3 Sulfotransfer_4 Sulphotransf SWI2_SNF2 T2SSE T4SS-DNA_transf Terminase_1 Terminase_3 Terminase_6 Terminase_GpA Thymidylate_kin TIP49 TK TniB Torsin TraG-D_C tRNA_lig_kinase TrwB_AAD_bind TsaE UvrB UvrD-helicase UvrD_C UvrD_C_2 Viral_helicase1 VirC1 VirE Zeta_toxin Zot

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the UniProtKB sequence database, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(13)
Full
(7962)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(13108)
NCBI
(18525)
Meta
(19)
RP15
(1750)
RP35
(3720)
RP55
(5647)
RP75
(7194)
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PP/heatmap 1                

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(13)
Full
(7962)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(13108)
NCBI
(18525)
Meta
(19)
RP15
(1750)
RP35
(3720)
RP55
(5647)
RP75
(7194)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(13)
Full
(7962)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(13108)
NCBI
(18525)
Meta
(19)
RP15
(1750)
RP35
(3720)
RP55
(5647)
RP75
(7194)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_440 (release 2.1)
Previous IDs: GTP_CDC;
Type: Domain
Sequence Ontology: SO:0000417
Author: Bateman A
Number in seed: 13
Number in full: 7962
Average length of the domain: 230.40 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 35 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 60.83 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 45638612 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 26.2 26.2
Trusted cut-off 26.2 26.2
Noise cut-off 26.1 26.1
Model length: 281
Family (HMM) version: 18
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Archea Archea Eukaryota Eukaryota
Bacteria Bacteria Other sequences Other sequences
Viruses Viruses Unclassified Unclassified
Viroids Viroids Unclassified sequence Unclassified sequence

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Interactions

There is 1 interaction for this family. More...

Septin

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Septin domain has been found. There are 35 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.

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