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2  structures 1082  species 0  interactions 1269  sequences 27  architectures

Family: Med10 (PF09748)

Summary: Transcription factor subunit Med10 of Mediator complex

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This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Mediator (coactivator)". More...

Mediator (coactivator) Edit Wikipedia article

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This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Transcription factor subunit Med10 of Mediator complex Provide feedback

Med10 is one of the protein subunits of the Mediator complex, tethered to Rgr1 protein. The Mediator complex is required for the transcription of most RNA polymerase II (Pol II)-transcribed genes. Med10 specifically mediates basal-level HIS4 transcription via Gcn4, and, additionally, there is a putative requirement for Med10 in Bas2-mediated transcription [1]. Med10 is part of the middle region of Mediator [3].

Literature references

  1. Han SJ, Lee YC, Gim BS, Ryu GH, Park SJ, Lane WS, Kim YJ; , Mol Cell Biol. 1999;19:979-988.: Activator-specific requirement of yeast mediator proteins for RNA polymerase II transcriptional activation. PUBMED:9891034 EPMC:9891034

  2. Baek HJ, Kang YK, Roeder RG; , J Biol Chem. 2006;281:15172-15181.: Human Mediator enhances basal transcription by facilitating recruitment of transcription factor IIB during preinitiation complex assembly. PUBMED:16595664 EPMC:16595664

  3. Bourbon HM, Aguilera A, Ansari AZ, Asturias FJ, Berk AJ, Bjorklund S, Blackwell TK, Borggrefe T, Carey M, Carlson M, Conaway JW, Conaway RC, Emmons SW, Fondell JD, Freedman LP, Fukasawa T, Gustafsson CM, Han M, He X, Herman PK, Hinnebusch AG, Holmberg S, , Mol Cell. 2004;14:553-557.: A unified nomenclature for protein subunits of mediator complexes linking transcriptional regulators to RNA polymerase II. PUBMED:15175151 EPMC:15175151


This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR019145

The Mediator complex is a coactivator involved in the regulated transcription of nearly all RNA polymerase II-dependent genes. Mediator functions as a bridge to convey information from gene-specific regulatory proteins to the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. The Mediator complex, having a compact conformation in its free form, is recruited to promoters by direct interactions with regulatory proteins and serves for the assembly of a functional preinitiation complex with RNA polymerase II and the general transcription factors. On recruitment the Mediator complex unfolds to an extended conformation and partially surrounds RNA polymerase II, specifically interacting with the unphosphorylated form of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II. The Mediator complex dissociates from the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme and stays at the promoter when transcriptional elongation begins.

The Mediator complex is composed of at least 31 subunits: MED1, MED4, MED6, MED7, MED8, MED9, MED10, MED11, MED12, MED13, MED13L, MED14, MED15, MED16, MED17, MED18, MED19, MED20, MED21, MED22, MED23, MED24, MED25, MED26, MED27, MED29, MED30, MED31, CCNC, CDK8 and CDC2L6/CDK11.

The subunits form at least three structurally distinct submodules. The head and the middle modules interact directly with RNA polymerase II, whereas the elongated tail module interacts with gene-specific regulatory proteins. Mediator containing the CDK8 module is less active than Mediator lacking this module in supporting transcriptional activation.

  • The head module contains: MED6, MED8, MED11, SRB4/MED17, SRB5/MED18, ROX3/MED19, SRB2/MED20 and SRB6/MED22.
  • The middle module contains: MED1, MED4, NUT1/MED5, MED7, CSE2/MED9, NUT2/MED10, SRB7/MED21 and SOH1/MED31. CSE2/MED9 interacts directly with MED4.
  • The tail module contains: MED2, PGD1/MED3, RGR1/MED14, GAL11/MED15 and SIN4/MED16.
  • The CDK8 module contains: MED12, MED13, CCNC and CDK8.

Individual preparations of the Mediator complex lacking one or more distinct subunits have been variously termed ARC, CRSP, DRIP, PC2, SMCC and TRAP.

Med10 is one of the protein subunits of the Mediator complex, tethered to Med14 (Rgr1) protein. Med10 specifically mediates basal-level HIS4 transcription via Gcn4. In addition, there is a putative requirement for Med10 in Bas2-mediated transcription [PUBMED:9891034].

Gene Ontology

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Domain organisation

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Alignments

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(100)
Full
(1269)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(1942)
NCBI
(1969)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(209)
RP35
(557)
RP55
(898)
RP75
(1257)
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PP/heatmap 1 View               

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(100)
Full
(1269)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(1942)
NCBI
(1969)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(209)
RP35
(557)
RP55
(898)
RP75
(1257)
Alignment:
Format:
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Sequence:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(100)
Full
(1269)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(1942)
NCBI
(1969)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(209)
RP35
(557)
RP55
(898)
RP75
(1257)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

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Curation and family details

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Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: KOGs (KOG3046)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Sequence Ontology: SO:0100021
Author: KOGs, Finn RD , Coggill P
Number in seed: 100
Number in full: 1269
Average length of the domain: 118.50 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 31 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 63.06 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 47079205 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 22.9 22.9
Trusted cut-off 22.9 22.9
Noise cut-off 22.8 22.8
Model length: 121
Family (HMM) version: 10
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Med10 domain has been found. There are 2 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.

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